Botulinum toxin is the biological neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, which causes paralysis of muscles. Botulinum toxin is used in conventional medicine (in treating muscle spasms and resulting pain, crossed eyes) but also in aesthetic medicine (reduction of mimic wrinkles, reduction of perspiration).
In aesthetic medicine, type A botulinum toxin (Botox, Dysport) is used. It is primarily used in the face and neck area where smoothing out of wrinkles is achieved by the reduction and relaxing of the tone of the mimic muscles. Botulinum toxin can be used in combination with other wrinkle reducing methods, such as filler injections and surgical procedures. Botulinum toxin is an effective treatment against excessive perspiration.
The procedure lasts for 15–30 minutes. The final effect of the injections will be visible within a week; the effect lasts for 4–6 months on average.
Complications are rare and usually pass by themselves. Slight swelling or bruising in the injection site may develop, which disappears in a couple of days. The procedure must be performed with care on patients susceptible to bleeding. Botulinum toxin is not recommended to pregnant or breastfeeding women and the efficiency of the method is questionable in patients aged 65 and over. After injections, the patient should avoid sauna, sunbathing or tanning devices for 3 days and massaging the injection area for 2 weeks.
The procedures are performed by Dr. Mart Eller.