Chlamydia is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Similar to other STDs, this infection is transmitted only by direct sexual contact. Often people infected with chlamydia do not experience any symptoms (the person is infected but has no symptoms). Chlamydia infection does not cause any symptoms in 75% of infected women and in 50% of infected men.
The main symptoms of chlamydia in women are painful urination and increased vaginal discharge. There may be bleeding outside of the menstrual cycle and after sexual intercourse. The symptoms in men are itching and burning sensation in the urethra and pain when urinating, very rarely also discharge from the urethra. If the rectum is infected, pain and discharge (also bleeding) from the rectum may occur.
This disease is cured with antibiotics. A person who has had chlamydia does not acquire immunity against the disease and he or she can be infected repeatedly. The correct use of condoms protects against infection! If left untreated, chlamydia may cause chronic inflammation of the genitals, chronic abdominal pain and infertility.
A person cured from chlamydia does not acquire immunity against the disease and he or she can be infected repeatedly.