Asteatotic eczema is a form of eczema that commonly occurs in elderly and is characterised by dry and cracked skin that as a result develops slight eczematous signs. This disease can be caused by the reduction of lipids and water reserve in the skin due to age, secondary diseases or malnutrition, extensive use of soaps and other skin cleaning products, repeated microtraumas, low humidity of the environment and dry cold wind, contact with substances that irritate the skin, taking medicines (diuretics, cimetidine, glucocorticosteroids), and a deficit of zinc, linoleic and linolenic acids.
Asteatotic eczema is often found on the shins, arms and hands. Typically, dryness of the skin is combined with itching and, because of scratching redness, crusts and swelling develop.
- Take short showers; avoid hot water.
- Do not wash the area affected by eczema with soap; avoid very strong skin cleaning products.
- After washing, use strong moistening creams.
- Use moistening creams several times a day.
- Use topical creams that contain corticosteroids.